High school is used in some parts of the world, particularly in Scotland, North America and Oceania to describe an institution that provides all or part of secondary education. The term “high school” originated in Scotland with the world’s oldest being the Royal High School (Edinburgh) in 1505. It spread to the New World owing to the high prestige enjoyed by the Scottish educational system. (In the eighteenth century, Scotland had the world’s most literate population.) A number of countries engaged Scottish educators to develop their state education systems.
The Royal High School was used as a model for the first public high school in the United States, the English High School founded in Boston, Massachusetts, in 1821. The precise stage of schooling provided by a high school differs from country to country, and may vary within the same jurisdiction. In all of New Zealand and Malaysia along with parts of Australia and Canada, high school is synonymous with secondary school, and encompasses the entire secondary stage of education.
In Australia, the term “high school” refers to secondary school from Years 7 to 12. Although this can vary from state to state, some secondary schools begin at year 8 instead. High school immediately follows primary (elementary) school; therefore, a Year 7 Australian high school student is sometimes as young as 11. In the Australian Capital Territory, the term “high school” generally refers to Years 7-10, whereas the term “College” is used for Years 11-12 (as they are generally separate schools to high schools).
Students may choose to leave school at Year 10, or at ages 15 to 17, depending on the state, or continue through Year 12. In urban areas, almost all students finish Years 11 and 12 in order to align with university requirements. In the state of New South Wales, the School Certificate takes place at Year 10, followed by the Higher School Certificate (HSC) in Year 12 and other states generally follow this schedule but with different names for the qualifications awarded.
A student’s final examination marks are indexed into the Australian Tertiary Admission Rank (ATAR) in all states but Queensland. This index is usually the sole factor considered when applying for most university courses. The ATAR was only introduced in 2009 (in NSW), and previously each state calculated its own final high school rank, such as the Universities Admission Index (UAI) in NSW and Equivalent National Tertiary Entrance Rank (ENTER) in Victoria. It is possible to qualify for a high school-completion certificate such as the HSC, but not for an ATAR, though this is very uncommon.
Australia has comparatively strict school uniform guidelines enforced across all years in almost all high schools – public and private, and accompanying safety-wear guidelines for subjects such as chemistry and industrial technology. Different uniforms usually apply for summer and winter, as well as a separate sports uniform and sometimes a separate ‘jersey’ for year 12. A formal uniform, including blazer and tie, is required on designated occasions. It is forbidden to mix and match different styles of uniform, and students not in correct uniform (including seasonal, formal, and sports uniforms) are punished with detention and suspension. A scarce few days in the year may be designated as ‘mufti days’ or ‘free dress days’, meaning everyday clothing may be worn, often only with a gold-coin payment ($1 or $2) to the SRC (Student Representative Council). Uniforms are generally not required in “colleges” (Years 11-12) in the Australian Capital Territory, and everyday clothing may be worn instead.
In Indonesia Sekolah Menengah Pertama or abbreviated by SMP, and the other part which is senior high school, known locally as Sekolah Menengah Atas and in other terms, Sekolah Menengah Umum which abbreviated as SMA and SMU. There is also one institution similar to SMA, but they were focusing on one specific career major which is known as Sekolah Menengah Kejuruan or SMK. Unfortunately, citizens of Indonesia currently looking down of SMK graduates and they were not preferable to be attended by students. Junior high is a must for all citizens of Indonesia while Senior high is not a must as Indonesia currently applying nine years of study to all citizens. It is managed by the Department of Education in Indonesia and stated in the Indonesia constitution where every citizens have the right to study. Graduate students from SMP and SMA or SMU and also SMK are achieving different educational certificate. All students of Indonesian high school must passed in the National Examination held by BSNP (Badan Standarisasi Nasional Pendidikan), an organization under the Department of Education of Indonesia.
Importance of High School
There are certain milestones in your life that you would like to preserve for years to come. The senior year of high school is one of those times. There are many wonderful events that happen during this time period some of which are a really big deal and some are not as important. All seniors look forward to graduating from high school and the many parties to attend celebrating this special event in their lives. Many students, particularly females enjoy having their senior pictures taken. It is a time when you can choose an outfit or many outfits, get your hair and makeup done to look your best for the photographs. Selecting the right Cincinnati Photography studio is necessary to capture the perfect photo. This time can also be very difficult for many students having to decide what they want to do with their lives after high school graduation such as choosing a college, maintaining your grade point average among many other things. There are counselors to help you make some important decisions such as college planning and graduation.
High school events may not seem as important at this very moment, but when you look back in time it will be those moments that you always remember. A yearbook is great collection of senior memories. Academic achievements, athletic competitions, proms, theater, etc. are moments in your history that you will want to stand out, as will graduation. Being a senior is a huge responsibility, you are a role model to underclassmen as well as anyone that looks up to you.
The high school years goes very quickly so make sure you make the best of it. You can do this by making sure that you receive the best education, establish good friendships, and have a good yet responsible time. If you do not get the best grades that you possibly can, you will have a hard time getting into college. Colleges cannot see what you are capable of; they only see what you have shown you can do in previous years. High school friendships and relationships may seem unimportant. You will always remember the people you meet in school. High School is one of the most influential times of your life. It does not matter how big the event is, it will stay with you forever. Senior year is the last year of your schooling where you do not have to worry about other stresses of life. Once you get into college you have no one to rely on besides yourself. If you fail in high school people will be there to help you try again, in college you do not have that kind of support. That is why living your high school career to the fullest is a great idea. The little experiences count almost as much as the bigger ones do.
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